Choosing and Inspecting Ladders

Ladder-Climbing-HarnessChoose your ladder based on:

Type- There are two types of ladders: fixed and portable. Fixed ladders are in place on buildings; portable ladders are movable. If you require a portable ladder, assess whether you need a self-supporting ladder, like an “A” frame, or a straight or extension ladder.

Length- To determine the maximum working height on a portable ladder, check its duty rating sticker for the highest standing level and add 5 feet.

Duty Rating- Check the duty rating sticker to be sure the ladder can
support you and your tools. Construction jobs should use a Type 1, 1A, or 1AA, which hold up to 250, 300, and 375 pounds, respectively.

Material- Be sure your ladder is made of a safe material for the environment you’re working in. Use a fiberglass ladder if there’s a chance of contact with electricity. When using a wooden ladder, be sure it’s treated but not painted.

Click HERE for Ladder Safety Video

Ladder Inspection Checklist

  1. Check for cracks, bends, splits, or corrosion.
  2. Check all rungs and step connections.
  3. Make sure the ladder’s feet work properly and have slip-resistant pads.
  4. Make sure rung locks and spreader braces are working.
  5. Be sure all bolts and rivets are secure.
  6. Make sure steps, rungs, and other ladder parts are free of oil, grease and other materials.
  7. On extension ladders, make sure the rope and pulley work and the rope is not frayed or tangled.